Dragon fruit is a perennial climbing succulent plant. As a result of its long-term progress in tropical desert areas, its leaves have degenerated and the photosynthetic operate is carried out by the stem. The inside of the stem is filled with thin-walled cells filled with viscous liquid, which facilitates the absorption of as a lot water as attainable in the course of the wet season. The dragon fruit is known as for its look of an indignant pink ball of fireside. Inside, the flesh is like candy cream, however lined with small black seeds. The feel is delicate and the style is refreshing.
A、Dragon fruit progress habits
Dragon fruit plant pure progress and germination is the perfect interval of October to Might of the next yr. However cuttings all yr spherical. January planted seedlings have been rooted and sprouted, so long as the rootstock is robust sufficient, to July, August will flower and fruit. Beneath regular temperature situations, flowering and fruiting often happen in mid-April till the top of the manufacturing interval in November every year. It could possibly produce greater than 8 batches of fruit in a yr, with a most of 4 batches. The annual yield is greater than 2500 kg per mu.
B、Dragon fruit manufacturing situations
Dragon fruit is native to the tropics, subtropics, and isn’t hardy. If the temperature is beneath 5 ℃ for a very long time, the leaves can be frostbite. However it doesn’t have an effect on the expansion. Subsequently, within the alpine mountains and frost typically happen within the area shouldn’t be planted.
Dragon fruit drought tolerance and worry of moisture. Subsequently, within the planting course of ought to keep away from long-term waterlogging of the soil, in any other case it’s liable to rotten roots and useless seedlings. Though lengthy drought with out rain, by dew won’t die. Nonetheless, the expansion interval and can’t lack of water, maintain the soil moist and breathable is conducive to its progress.
Dragon fruit on the soil high quality necessities usually are not excessive. No matter flat land, hillside land, paddy fields, dry land will be planted. Furthermore, good permeability, natural matter-rich sandy loam soil is most fitted.
C、Dragon fruit cultivation know-how factors
Dragon fruit in response to the colour of the flesh has pink pores and skin white flesh, pink pores and skin pink flesh, yellow pores and skin white flesh and different varieties. Seedlings with steady traits, excessive self-fruit bearing branches have been fruit-bearing, cuttings of dwell seedlings is sweet. The area is mostly planted with pink pores and skin and white flesh dragon fruit.
2、The entire border stand
The overall requirement is that the border width is 3 meters, the border peak is 0.3 meters, and the ditch depth is 0.3 meters. The pillar needs to be a 0.1m x 0.1m x 2.5m strengthened concrete pillar or a stone bar for spreading branches to climb. Stone pillars needs to be 50 cm into the soil. Usually, the spacing between two stone pillars is 2.0m x 3.0m.
3、Planting density and methodology
Once we develop dragon fruit, plant 4-8 seedlings across the stone pillar. Dragon ruit seedlings barely slanted into the soil from the stone column about 5 cm. So as to facilitate the climbing of branches. When planting, dig a round trench about 5 cm deep across the column. Sprinkle compound fertilizer and blend with soil or apply well-rotted human and animal manure first. At current, the compound fertilizer extra generally used out there is the one produced by Nagric. Then, put the seedlings in and canopy with skinny soil and press firmly. Lastly, pour good rooting water.dragon fruitWhen we develop dragon fruit, plant 4-8 seedlings across the stone pillar. Dragon ruit seedlings barely slanted into the soil from the stone column about 5 cm. So as to facilitate the climbing of branches. When planting, dig a round trench about 5 cm deep across the column. Sprinkle compound fertilizer and blend with soil or apply well-rotted human and animal manure first. At current, the compound fertilizer extra generally used out there is the one produced by Nagric. Then, put the seedlings in and canopy with skinny soil and press firmly. Lastly, pour good rooting water.
4、Stone pillar prime assist
On the prime of the cement can be utilized 0.8 cm in diameter and 85 cm lengthy rebar welded each ends right into a curved hook inward right into a ten bracket and glued. Place a used bicycle tire on the cross to assist extra branches for stretching, favorable to flowering and fruiting.
After planting dragon fruit, water as soon as in 3-5 days. Wait till it turns into established after which alter the watering frequency in response to the precise state of affairs. After the seedlings are established, recurrently divert water and irrigation, particularly earlier than chasing fertilizer must water the entire backyard. Maintain the soil of the entire backyard moist.
After planting dragon fruit, ensure that the seedlings are alive, with the intention to fertilize. Seedlings to water fertilizer is sweet, skinny fertilizer diligently, twice a month, and steadily enhance the quantity of fertilizer. In Might of every yr, it’s advisable to fertilize the mature crops closely. Phosphorus fertilizer is the primary fertilizer, supplemented by nitrogen fertilizer. In every batch of fruit 5 days earlier than harvesting can also be primarily based on phosphorus and potassium. Usually, the quantity of fertilizer used is 40-50 kg of potassium sulfate and 30-40 kg of calcium-magnesium phosphorus or calcium per mu every time. We often fertilize the borders after the diversion and irrigation. Through the flowering and fruiting interval, we should always pay explicit consideration to the provision of fertilizer and water in order that the fruit can be giant and proceed to flower and bear fruit.
7、Pest and weed management
The orchard root system is shallow and usually not weeded. Nonetheless, using straw mulch to inhibit the expansion of weeds. Pests and ailments hardly ever happen, typically don’t must spray. Solely within the seedling stage to forestall the harm of ants and snails, you may sprinkle lime on the floor to forestall and management.
Pollination of profitable flowers, the fruit room within the fifth day clearly enlarged. By 25 days, the fruit begins to show pink, and after 5 days when the fruit has a shiny look will be harvested. From flowering to fruit maturity typically take 30 to 35 days. Nonetheless, the ripening interval can lengthen to about 40 days in October because the temperature decreases.
Annually after the top of the manufacturing interval, we have to lower the fruiting branches in that yr. Likewise, we have to in the reduction of the older and weaker branches which are within the shade. That is conducive to the brand new branches extra fertile, laying a strong basis for the subsequent yr’s manufacturing. When the seedlings are 1.2 meters excessive, appropriate for pruning, the highest of every plant to select the tip, all different auxiliary branches eliminated. The bud-bearing branches have 2-3 robust buds in numerous instructions, relying on their power and weak point. 5 days after flowering, choose 1-2 fruits per department. All others lower off.
When the branches are tender and weak, they’re simply blown away from the stone column by heavy wind and rain, inflicting them to sag and break. We have to tie the branches to the stone pillar with thick fabric strips or plastic thread in time.