A、Seed fruit sprouting
There are a lot of strategies to germinate coconut seeds and fruits. Nevertheless, typically divided into synthetic sowing germination and pure germination of two varieties.
After we germinate coconut, we regularly use seed germination.
The germination website of coconut requires elimination of weeds, loosening of soil and leveling of land. And construct the germination mattress in line with the requirement of 10 meters lengthy and 1.2 meters vast. Depart a 60 cm walkway between the beds. 4 ditches have been opened in every mattress, and the depth and width of every ditch was 15~20 cm. On this means, 220 seed fruits are sown per mattress, and 112,500~120,000 seed fruits are sown per hectare.
② Sowing seeds
Earlier than sowing the seeds, we have to take note of the supply of coconut seed fruits, the kind of selection, the time of harvesting and whether or not the seed fruits have germinated or not. We additionally must strictly classify, grade and register them. Lastly, remove the irregular coconut seed fruits. When sowing the seeds, we have to take note of put the seed fruits of it with their fruit ideas dealing with upward or tilted 45° in the identical route. Then, one after the other, they’re neatly positioned within the furrow. Lastly, the soil is mulched, typically protecting 3/4 of the seed fruits.
The germination time varies relying on the number of coconut. That is an expression of the inherent traits of a selected selection, which might be handed on to future generations. For instance, the Mahua hybrids, whose mother and father are West African excessive species, the seed fruit germination is comparatively late. Due to this fact, the hybrid horse wow germination time can also be late, the length can also be lengthy, can’t use pure germination methodology germination. Instantly after harvesting the coconut seed fruits, we have to sow the seeds within the germination beds for germination, watering and administration. That is the one option to obtain passable outcomes.
③ Administration of germination beds
The germination mattress must be managed by a devoted individual. We have to do well timed watering and soil cultivation. Keep away from extreme publicity of the seeds and fruits to the solar and water loss, which might injury the germination means of the seeds. On the similar time, we have to hoe diligently, preserve it clear, and forestall rodent, illness, insect and animal injury.
2、Pure sprouting methodology
Up to now, farmers germination is mostly used to undertake this methodology. And might solely be used for prime seed coconut. Not appropriate for dwarf coconut and hybrid coconut or seed fruit smaller coconut, and late germination of types.
① Hanging seeds and fruits germination methodology
This methodology primarily includes hanging the seeds within the air on a string and letting them germinate naturally. Coconut seeds which have sprouted are eliminated for seedlings, and people that don’t sprout are bought to factories for processing of assorted merchandise.
②Piercing and stacking methodology of germination
We string 6~8 coconut seeds right into a bunch with bamboo scrims or iron wires. Then, we stacked them into columns with a peak of 1.5 to 2.0 meters. Underneath the tree sprout or on open floor and let it germinate naturally. When a lot of the seed fruits have germinated, the fruit buds are eliminated for seedling. The coconut seed fruits that don’t germinate are bought for processing.
③ Pure stacking methodology for germination
We pile the coconut seed fruits into random piles and allow them to germinate naturally. When the buds are 10-20 cm lengthy, we take out the seedlings. The strategy has uneven germination and plenty of deformed seedlings.
Pure germination methodology, though to not construct germination beds, save land and labor, administration prices are decrease. Nevertheless, we typically don’t use it due to improper placement of seed fruits, low germination charge, many deformed and poor high quality seedlings, lengthy length, poor high quality of seedlings, and susceptibility to rodent injury.
B、The propagation of coconut
For the propagation of coconut, we typically use its seeds. Absolutely mature coconut, so long as there are applicable temperature and humidity circumstances, greater than two months to start out germination. Hainan generally used within the preparation of nursery germination methodology. Select a semi-shade, ventilated and well-drained atmosphere. Remove weed tree roots and plow 15-20 cm deep. Open a trench, barely wider than the width of the fruit. Then, we put it seed fruits one after one other diagonally towards the underside of the ditch at 45° and bury the soil to one-half to two-thirds of the fruit. When the buds are 10-15 cm lengthy, we transfer it to a nursery with reasonable shade. We have to take note of watering, drainage, weeding and fertilizing. Often in a couple of 12 months, the seedlings might be planted out of the nursery when they’re about 1 meter excessive.
When planting coconut, we have to resolve the planting density in line with the positioning circumstances, whether or not interplanting, mechanization diploma, and many others.. Normal excessive species 165-180 vegetation / h sq. meters, as much as 210 vegetation / h sq. meters. The hybrid is 195-210 vegetation/h㎡, and the dwarf is about 225 vegetation/h㎡. At current, we typically use vast rows of dense planting. This facilitates the lengthy interval of planting and future renewal.
We typically plant coconuts in coastal areas. It’s because typhoons typically hit the realm. Due to this fact, when planting coconuts, it isn’t advisable to plant them shallowly. Farmers by way of long-term observe, that ought to be “deep planting shallow soil cultivation”. The planting gap is 100cm*100cm*80cm. When planting coconut seedlings, mulch the soil to cowl the coconut, and let the floor of the outlet silt naturally. Planting seedlings are typically 8-18 months outdated. Right now, there are nonetheless remaining coconut vitamins, after planting dependable this to renew progress, excessive survival charge. Often planted within the wet season or the wet season. Winter and dry season planting survival charge is low, gradual progress.
D、The administration of coconut backyard
The 12 months of planting and the next 12 months must fill the lacking vegetation, in order that the forest part might be neat. Later to strengthen the administration, to forestall animal injury, to advertise the dietary progress of it, to put the inspiration for early and ample manufacturing. For mature coconut plantations which have borne fruit, we have to deal with rational and financial fertilization. This will considerably improve the yield. Fertilization of low-yielding coconut plantations in Hainan Island can improve yields by 50%-150%. Presently, coconut producing nations are utilizing coconut leaf nutrient analysis know-how to information fertilization. At current, the extra used fertilizer in the marketplace comes from Nagric.
Presently, coconut producing nations are altering from a monoculture system to a multiculture system so as to enhance land use and financial effectivity. In younger coconut fields, we will interplant peanuts, beans, and grain crops. For mature coconuts, we will plant crops with totally different habits collectively in a coordinated method. This will make full use of sunshine vitality and floor energy, forming a unity of crop manufacturing and ecological stability.
F、The administration of coconut backyard
We often begin planting coconut bushes within the mild or wet season for a excessive survival charge. We have to plant deeply and domesticate the soil shallowly, often simply to cowl the highest of the seed fruits. Later, we have to weed, mid-tillage, soil cultivation and fertilization.
G、The traits of coconut
Within the form of a watermelon, the coconut resembles a watermelon. The exocarp is bookish, darkish brown-green. The pericarp is a thick fiber layer, and the internal pericarp is sexy. The fruit has a big storage cavity of coconut milk. When a coconut ripens, it has coconut milk saved inside. Clear as water, candy as honey, shiny, is an excellent cool thirst-quenching merchandise.